Women Medical Doctors in the United States before the Civil War

Women Medical Doctors in the United States before the Civil War

A Biographical Dictionary

Edward C. Atwater


University of Rochester Press



An invaluable reference work chronicling the lives of over 200 women who received medical degrees in the United States before the Civil War.
This groundbreaking reference work provides biographies for over 200 women, most of them little known, who graduated from schools of medicine in the United States before the Civil War. The biographies are preceded by introductory essays examining the social and religious backgrounds of the women graduates, as well as their motivations for becoming physicians and their varying degrees of success as practitioners. In addition, the author provides valuable context on the American medical profession at mid-century and its mechanisms for training physicians. The introductory essays and biographical entries are supplemented by a chronological table of female medical graduates and a geographical table indicating the places in which they practiced.

Edward C. Atwater is emeritus professor of medicine and the history of medicine at the University of Rochester Medical School.


November 2016
25 black and white illustrations
416 pages
9x6 in
ISBN: 9781580465717
Format: Hardback
Library eBook
University of Rochester Press
BISAC BIO012000, SOC028000, MED039000
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Table of Contents

The Excellent Miss Blackwell
Biographical Dictionary of 222 Graduates
Appendix A: Chronological List of Graduates and the Schools They Attended
Appendix B: Medical Graduates of the American Hydropathic Institute, 1851 and 1852
Appendix C: Pre-Civil War Women Medical Doctors Mentioned in Books and Biographical Dictionaries
Appdenix D: Principal Locations in Which the Earliest Woman Medical Graduates Served Professionally
Lists Showing Career Choices and Accomplishments of the Graduates
General Bibliography
Index of Names