The Utopia of Terror

The Utopia of Terror

Life and Death in Wartime Croatia

Edited by Rory Yeomans


University of Rochester Press



Offers a complex consideration of the relationship of mass terror and utopianism under the fascist government of wartime Croatia.
The essays in The Utopia of Terror provide new perspectives on the relationship between the politics of construction and destruction in the wartime Independent State of Croatia (1941-1945) ruled by the fascist Ustasha movement. Bringing together established historians of the Ustasha regime and an emerging generation of younger historians, The Utopia of Terror explores various aspects of everyday life and death in the Ustasha state that until now have received peripheral attention from historians. The contributors argue for a more complex consideration of the relationship of mass terror and utopianism in which the two are seen as part of the same process rather than as discrete phenomena. They aim to bring new perspectives, generate original thinking, and provide enhanced understanding of both the Ustasha regime's attempts to remake Croatian society and its campaign to destroy unwanted populations.

Rory Yeomans is a fellow in history at the Wiener Wiesenthal Institute for Holocaust Studies, Vienna, Austria.

A fellowship from the Cantemir Institute at the University of Oxford in 2013 supported the research for and the writing and editing of this book.

An e-book version of this title is available (9781782046820), to libraries through a number of trusted suppliers. See here for a full list of our partners.


December 2015
332 pages
9x6 in
Rochester Studies in East and Central Europe
ISBN: 9781580465458
Format: Hardback
University of Rochester Press
BISAC HIS010010, POL042030, HIS027100
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Table of Contents

Introduction: Utopia, Terror, and Everyday Experience in the Ustasha State - Rory Yeomans
Anti-Semitism and Economic Regeneration: The Ustasha Regime and the Nationalization of Jewish Property and Business in Sarajevo - Dallas Michelbacher
Ordinary People, Extraordinary Times: Everyday Life in Karlovac under Ustasha Rule - Filip Erdeljac
The Engine Room of a New Ustasha Consciousness: Cinema, Terror, and Ideological Refashioning - Rory Yeomans
Honor, Shame, and Warrior Values: The Anthropology of Ustasha Violence - Radu Harald Dinu
Apostles, Saints' Days, and Mass Mobilization: The Sacralization of Politics in the Ustasha State - Stipe Kljaic
Between the Racial State and the Christian Rampart: Ustasha Ideology, Catholic Values, and National Purification - Irina Ognyanova
Envisioning the "Other" East: Bosnia-Herzegovina, Muslims, and Modernization in the Ustasha State - Nada Kisic-Kolanovic
"To Be Eternally Young Means to Be an Ustasha": Youth Organizations as Incubators of a New Youth and New Future - Goran Miljan
Forging Brotherhood and Unity: War Propaganda and Transitional Justice in Yugoslavia, 1941-48 - Tomislav Dulic
Recontextualizing the Facist Precedent: The Ustasha Movement and the Transnational Dynamics of Interwar Facism - Aristotle Kallis
Epilogue: Ordinary People between the National Community and Everyday Terror - Rory Yeomans
Appendix: The Origins and Ideology of the Ustasha Movement
List of Contributors


[A] valuable collection for outlining varied approaches to understanding the development and mixed effects of terror in Ustasha Croatia, providing many insights into the complexities of Ustasha terror. CHOICE

[T]he book should provoke considerable thought about new directions for research on Croatian fascism and the different aspects of the Ustasha regime. AMERICAN HISTORICAL REVIEW

This interesting edited collection will hopefully stimulate further research on non-elite histories of the Independent State of Croatia. CANADIAN SLAVONIC PAPERS

A welcome and invaluable addition to the historiography of The Independent State of Croatia.The diversity of the essays is laudable and enormous..Without a doubt, The Utopia of Terror will be a standard work in the field for many years. EUROPEAN HISTORY QUARTERLY

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