The Minutes of the Synod of Lothian and Tweeddale, 1648-1659

August 2016
1 line illustrations
470 pages
21.6x13.8 cm
Scottish History Society 6th Series
ISBN: 9780906245415
Format: Hardback
Scottish History Society
BISAC HIS015000, HIS037040, REL015000

The Minutes of the Synod of Lothian and Tweeddale, 1648-1659

Edited by Chris R. Langley

Edition of the minutes of one of the most important ecclesiastical bodies in Scotland shows their response to Cromwell's invasion.
In the summer of 1650, an English army led by Oliver Cromwell crossed the River Tweed and invaded Scotland. Within less than a year, Edinburgh had fallen to the invading force and Presbyterian ministers across the Central Belt either fled to safer ground or remained to preach against Cromwell's agenda. The invasion brought with it ideas of a new religious settlement, a reorganisation of the civil administration of Scotland and a large body of men that needed housing, food and discipline.
The Synod of Lothian and Tweeddale was one of the most senior ecclesiastical meetings in Scotland to face the English invasion. The meticulous record keeping of its scribes allows an insight into the local response, showing the complexity and negotiation of ecclesiastical government in wartime. The Synod took on a new significance during the 1650s by marshaling the national response to the English invasion, organising charitable events for those captured abroad and ensuring that ministers across the region maintained orthodoxy in such a difficult time.
The minutes, previously scattered, are painstakingly stitched together in this volume, and are presented with full introduction and explanatory notes.

Christopher R. Langley is Senior Lecturer in Early Modern British History at Newman University, Birmingham.

Table of Contents

Editorial Principles
November 1649
May 1650
November 1651
November 1652
May 1653
May 1654
May 1655
November 1655
May 1656
November 1656
May 1657
November 1657
May 1658
November 1658
May 1659


The editor has done an excellent job in bringing these records together, editing them, and giving guidance in how to approach them. . . . For compiling these and bringing them to publication, the editor is to be thanked. SIXTEENTH CENTURY JOURNAL

Also in Series