The Baiuvarii and Thuringi

The Baiuvarii and Thuringi

An Ethnographic Perspective

Edited by Janine Fries-Knoblach, Heiko Steuer, John Hines


Boydell Press



A study of two Germanic tribes, the Baiuvarii and Thuringi, looking at their origins, development, and customs between the fifth and the eighth centuries.
The large neighbouring tribes of the Baiuvarii and Thuringi, who lived between the Alps and the River Elbe from the fifth to eighth centuries, are the focus of this book. Using a variety of different sources drawn from the fields of archaeology, history, linguistics and religion, the contributions discuss how an ethnos, a gens, or a tribe, such as the Baiuvarii or Thuringi, might appear in the written and archaeological evidence. For the Thuringi tribal traditions started around the year 400 or even earlier, while the Baiuvarii experienced a much later ethnogenesis from both immigrants and a local, partly Romance population in the mid-sixth century.
The Baiuvarii and Thuringi are studied together because of the astonishing connections between their two settlement landscapes. In the context of the row-grave civilisation the Thuringi belonged primarily to the eastern, the Baiuvarii to the western sphere. The kingdom of the Thuringi was assimilated into the Merovingian Empire after their defeat by the Franks in the 530s, which also changed their burial customs to the style of the western row-grave zone. In contrast, the Baiuvarii were not "Frankicised" until more than a century later and their grave customs remained more typically "Bavarian". The chapters highlight typical features of each region and beyond: settlements, agricultural economy, law, religion, language, names, craftsmanship, grave goods, mobility and communication.

Janine Fries-Knoblach is a freelance archaeologist with a special interest in the fields of settlements, agriculture and technology of protohistoric Central Europe, and has taught at a number of German universities; Heiko Steuer is Professor Emeritus of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Archaeology and Archaeology of the Middle Ages at Freiburg University, Germany, with a special interest in the social and economic history of Germanic tribes in Central Europe; John Hines is Professor of Archaeology at Cardiff University and is supervising the publication of the remaining volumes in this series.

Contributors: Giorgio Ausenda, Janine Fries-Knoblach, Heike Grahn-Hoek, Dennis H. Green, Wolfgang Haubrichs, Joachim Henning, Max Martin, Peter Neumeister, Heiko Steuer, Claudia Theune-Vogt, Ian Wood.


June 2014
63 black and white, 33 line illustrations
396 pages
24.4x17.2 cm
Studies in Historical Archaeoethnology
ISBN: 9781843839156
Format: Hardback
Boydell Press
BISAC HIS037010, HIS010020, SOC003000
Share on Facebook   Share on Twitter   Pin it   Share by Email

Related Titles

Table of Contents

Introduction - Janine Fries-Knoblach and Heiko Steuer
The Boii, Bohemia, Bavaria - Dennis H Green
Baiovarii, Romani and Others. Language, Names and Groups south of the River Danube and in the Eastern Alps during the Early Middle Ages - Wolfgang Haubrichs
The Ancient Thuringi - Problems of Names and Family Connections - Peter Neumeister
Kinship and Marriage among the Baiuvarii and Thuringi - Giorgio Ausenda
Baiuvarii and Thuringi - Location in Space and Time and Social Relations - Heiko Steuer
Dwellings and Settlements of the Baiuvarii before Urbanisation - Janine Fries-Knoblach
Ethnic Identities as Constructions of Archaeology (?): The Case of the Thuringi - Max Martin
Signs and Symbols in Archaeological Material Finds - Claudia Theune-Vogt
The Thuringi, the Peculiarities of Their Law, and Their Legal Relations to the Gentes of Their Time - Heike Grahn-Hoek
Religion in Pre-Carolingian Thuringia and Bavaria - Ian Nicholas Wood
Did the 'Agricultural Revolution' go East with Carolingian Conquest? Some Reflections on Early Medieval Rural Economics of the Baiuvarii and Thuringi - Joachim Henning


Cover[s] an impressively broad range of topics, from linguistics to religion to agriculture, among others. MEDIAEVISTIK

Also by Author

Also in Series