Singing the Crusades

Singing the Crusades

French and Occitan Lyric Responses to the Crusading Movements, 1137-1336

Linda Paterson





A full-scale survey of crusading lyrics in Old French and Occitan.
The crusading movements provoked a vast and diverse mass of reactions in the medieval West. While Latin sources provide official versions of its preaching, organisation and events, the vernacular lyrics of the troubadours and trouvères present a secular perspective, through a cornucopia of on-the-spot responses in France, Occitania, Italy, the Iberian Peninsula, Cyprus, Syria and Greece.
This book constitutes the first comprehensive, modern analysis of Old French and Occitan lyric texts relating to the crusades. It brings out their full range, from propaganda for the crusades, to criticisms of crusading and crusaders through vituperation, humour or cynicism, to their use as a pretext for political or personal wrangling. It also shows how they shed light on many aspects of medieval life, among them chivalric and courtly values (often in tension with clerical ones), regional politics, sexual behaviour, personal experiences of crusading and captivity, the complex interaction of Christians, Greeks and Muslims, and bafflement in the face of failure and God's imponderable purposes.

Linda Paterson is Professor Emerita, University of Warwick.


5 line illustrations
350 pages
23.4x15.6 cm
Hardback, 9781843844822, April 2018
eBook, 9781787442092, April 2018
BISAC LIT011000, HIS037010, MUS020000
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Table of Contents

Early Expeditions
After Damascus: Reconquest, Settlement and Pilgrimage
The Third Crusade [1187-1192]
The Aftermath of the Third Crusade
The Fourth Crusade and Aftermath
The Fifth Crusade, of Damietta, and the Albigensian Crusade
Frederick II and the Sixth Crusade
The 'False Crusade': The Albigensian war of 1224-1233
The Barons' Crusade, or the Crusade of Thibaut de Champagne
The Seventh Crusade, or the First Crusade of Saint Louis
The Eighth Crusade, or the Second Crusade of Saint Louis
After Saint Louis
Appendix A. The Words to Say It: The Crusading Rhetoric of the Troubadours and Trouvères
Appendix B. Chronology of events and texts
Appendix C. Melodies attested in the manuscripts

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