Pope Gregory X and the Crusades

Pope Gregory X and the Crusades

Philip B. Baldwin


Boydell Press



First full-length study of Pope Gregory X in relation to Crusade, demonstrating his significant impact.
Pope Gregory X stood at the very centre of the crusading movement in the later thirteenth century. An able diplomat, he showed himself adept at navigating the political waters of Europe and the Mediterranean World. His crusade gained the participation of virtually all of the leaders of Western Europe, and even the Byzantine emperor and the Ilkhan of the Mongols: crucial if his crusade were to have a chance of defeating the very formidable and successful Mamluk Sultan Baybars. However, Gregory's premature death put paid to his crusade plans.
Perhaps because of this, Gregory has hitherto been somewhat neglected by historians - a gap which this book aims to fill. It provides a full account of his contribution to the Crusade, demonstrating that he left a lasting mark on how crusading would operate in the years to come.

Philip Baldwin received his doctorate from Queen Mary, University of London.


May 2014
263 pages
23.4x15.6 cm
Studies in the History of Medieval Religion
ISBN: 9781843839163
Format: Hardback
Library eBook
Boydell Press
BISAC REL033000, HIS037010, HIS027000
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Table of Contents

The Early Life of Pope Gregory X
'We Saw With Our Eyes and Felt with Our Very Own Hand': The Importance of Understanding the Condition of the Holy Land
Interim Crusade Planning
A Problem of Governance: Pope Gregory X, Charles of Anjou, and the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem
Political Exigencies and Gregory's Crusade
Imagining Gregory's Crusade


Baldwin proves without doubt the importance of papal leadership and forceful curial organization to the success of the crusades, even if in this instance the failure of the crusade came about despite Gregory X's intense efforts. CATHOLIC HISTORICAL REVIEW

Baldwin offers valuable insight on a pope's life, thinking, and conception of a crusade, even though that crusade never occurred. Recommended. CHOICE

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