Military Communities in Late Medieval England

May 2018
2 black and white, 1 line illustrations
324 pages
23.4x15.6 cm
Warfare in History
Boydell Press
BISAC HIS037010, HIS027130

Military Communities in Late Medieval England

Essays in Honour of Andrew Ayton

Edited by Gary P. Baker, Craig L. Lambert, David Simpkin

The theme of warfare as a collective enterprise investigated in the theatres of both land and sea.
From warhorses to the men-at-arms who rode them; armies that were raised to the lords who recruited, led, administered, and financed them; and ships to the mariners who crewed them; few aspects of the organisation and logistics of war in late medieval England have escaped the scholarly attention, or failed to benefit from the insights, of Dr Andrew Ayton. The concept of the military community, with its emphasis on warfare as a collective social enterprise, has always lain at the heart of his work; he has shown in particular how this age of warfare is characterised by related but intersecting military communities, marked not only by the social and political relationships within armies and navies, but by communities of mind, experience, and enterprise.
The essays in this volume, ranging from the late thirteenth to the early fifteenth century, address various aspects of this idea. They offer investigations of soldiers' and mariners' equipment; their obligations, functions, status, and recruitment; and the range and duration of their service.

Gary P. Baker is a Research Associate at the University of East Anglia and a Researcher in History at the University of Groningen; Craig L. Lambert is Lecturer in Maritime History at the University of Southampton; David Simpkin teaches history at Birkenhead Sixth-Form College.

Contributors: Gary P. Baker, Adrian R. Bell, Peter Coss, Anne Curry, Robert W. Jones, Andy King, Craig L. Lambert, Tony K. Moore, J.J.N. Palmer, Philip Preston, Michael Prestwich, Matthew Raven, Clifford J. Rogers, Nigel Saul, David Simpkin.

Table of Contents

Andrew Ayton: A Recognition of his Work
Foreword by Nigel Saul
Adrew Ayton: A Brief Tribute
'Big and Beautiful'. Destriers in Edward I's Armies - Michael C Prestwich
Cum Equis Discoopertis: The 'Irish' Hobelar in the English Armies of the Fourteenth Century - Robert W. Jones
Andrew Ayton, the Military Community and the Evolution of the Gentry in Fourteenth-Century England - Peter Coss
Knights Banneret, Military Recruitment and Social Status, c.1270-c.1420: A View from the Reign of Edward I - David Simpkin
Sir Henry of Beaumont and his Retainers: The Dynamics of a Lord's Military Retinues and Affinity in Early Fourteenth-Century England - Andy King
Financing the Dynamics of Recruitment: King, Earls and Government in Edwardian England, 1330-60 - Matt Raven
The Symbolic Meaning of Edward III's Garter Badge - Clifford J Rogers
Sir Robert Knolles' Expedition to France in 1370: New Perspectives - Gary Baker
The Organisation and Financing of English Expeditions to the Baltic during the Later Middle Ages - Tony K. Moore and Adrian R. Bell
Naval Service and the Cinque Ports, 1322-1453 - Craig Lambert
The Garrison Establishment in Lancastrian Normandy in 1436 according to Surviving Lists in Bibliotheque Nationale de France manuscrit francais 25773 - Anne Curry
Bibliography of the Writings of Andrew Ayton


Those who consult this valuable collection will learn not only how prosopography can enhance our understanding of the forces available to 14th-century English kings, but also how English armies grew "organically" out of the country's social system. REVIEWS IN HISTORY

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