Hemingway and Africa

Hemingway and Africa

Edited by Miriam B. Mandel

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New scholarly essays providing a multifaceted approach to the role of Africa in Hemingway's life and work.
Hemingway's two extended African safaris, the first in the 1930s and the second in the 1950s, gave rise to two of his best-known stories ("The Snows of Kilimanjaro" and "The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber"), a considerable amount of journalism and correspondence, and two nonfiction books, Green Hills of Africa (1935), about the first safari, and True at First Light (1999; longer version, Under Kilimanjaro 2005), about the second. Africa also figures largely in his important posthumous novel The Garden of Eden (1986). The variety and quantity of this literary output indicate clearly that Africa was a major factor in the creative life of this influential American author. But surprisingly little scholarship has been devoted to the role of Africa in Hemingway's life and work. To start the long-delayed conversation on this topic, this book offers historical, theoretical, biographical, theological, and literary interpretations of Hemingway's African narratives. It also presents a wide-ranging introduction, a detailed chronology of the safaris, a complete bibliography of Hemingway's published and unpublished African works, an up-to-date, annotated review of the scholarship on the African works, and a bibliography of Hemingway's reading on natural history and other topics relevant to Africa and the world of the safari.

Contributors: Silvio Calabi, Suzanne del Gizzo, Beatriz Penas Ibáñez, Jeremiah M. Kitunda, Kelli A. Larson, Miriam B. Mandel, Frank Mehring, Philip H. Melling, Erik G. R. Nakjavani, James Plath, and Chikako Tanimoto.

Miriam B. Mandel is retired as Senior Lecturer in the Department of English and American Studies at Tel Aviv University.

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Table of Contents

Introduction - Miriam B. Mandel
Hemingway's Reading in Natural History, Hunting, Fishing, and Africa - Miriam B. Mandel and Jeremiah Kitunda
Ernest Hemingway on Safari: The Game and the Guns - Silvio Calabi
"Love is a dunghill. . . . And I'm the cock that gets on it to crow": Hemingway's Farcical Adoration of Africa - Jeremiah Kitunda
Canonical Readings: Baudelaire's Subtext in Hemingway's African Narratives - Beatriz Penas Ibanez
Tracking the Elephant: David's African Childhood in Hemingway's The Garden of Eden - Suzanne del Gizzo
An Elephant in the Garden: Hemingway's Africa in The Garden of Eden Manuscript - Chikako Tanimoto
Between Ngàje Ngài and Kilimanjaro: A Rortian Reading of Hemingway's African Encounters - Frank Mehring
Memorial Landscapes: Hemingway's Search for Indian Roots - Philip H. Melling
Hemingway's African Book of Revelations: Dawning of a "New Religion" in Under Kilimanjaro - Erik Nakjavani
Barking at Death: Hemingway, Africa, and the Stages of Dying - James Plath
On Safari with Hemingway: Tracking the Most Recent Scholarship - Kelli A. Larson
Notes on the Contributors


Mandel's book is a must for anyone who wishes to begin understanding this segment of the writer's oeuvre and the two periods of his life spent on the "Dark Continent." AMERIKASTUDIEN

[T]he best of [the essays] represent some of the most recent and intriguing approaches to the subject . . . and when combined with the extremely useful reference materials, justify Kelli A. Larsen's statement in the final chapter that "This book is a happy beginning." . . . Hemingway and Africa promises to initiate and renew many conversations about the significance and complexities of this iconic American figure's writings about the (or at least his) African world. WASAFIRI

[A] comprehensive study of Ernest Hemingway's African writings. . . . Mandel's orchestration of the volume's factual information, biographical chartings, bibliographic tools, textual analyses, and theoretical insights is . . . to be commended. . . . [T]he overall impression that readers will gain from Hemingway in Africa is that fresh territory has been marked out and new fields of enquiry have been established by this important publication. Besides the critical essays, the bibliographies will guide readers for years to come. . . . MODERN LANGUAGE REVIEW

The best account of the subject. POLISH JOURNAL FOR AMERICAN STUDIES

Rich in detail and contemporary in approaches, a mix of anthology and background and travel annotations that will reveal treasures. . . . Exhaustive . . . and often excellent. Recommended. Lower-division undergraduates through faculty; general readers. CHOICE

A stimulating collection in a field which has received far too little attention in recent years. CONTEMPORARY REVIEW

The range of arguments and the great deal of information this book gathers on its themes -- including a chronology of Hemingway's time in Africa, a bibliography of his reading in natural history, an annotated bibliography of scholarship on Hemingway and Africa, and a detailed description of the guns Hemingway used on safari -- make it a useful as well as interesting text. . . . [U]ltimately, this book's greatly divergent readings should provoke further accounting. THE HEMINGWAY REVIEW

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