Hawks and Doves in Sudan's Armed Conflict

Hawks and Doves in Sudan's Armed Conflict

Al-Hakkamat Baggara Women of Darfur

Suad M.E. Musa


James Currey



Analyses the involvement of the agro-pastoral al-Hakkamat Baggara women of Darfur in Sudan's recent civil wars and the implications of this for conflict resolution and peacebuilding.

Al-Hakkamat Baggara women hold an instrumental position in rural Sudan, wielding agency, social and political power. This book uncovers their significant, but widely overlooked, role during the war in Darfur from the 1970s to today's continuing conflict. The author examines the influence they exercised through composing and reciting poems and songs, informal speech and other symbolic acts, and analyses their impact in the social and political domains. Challenging the pervasive portrayal of women as natural peacebuilders and their roles as passive and submissive, the author highlights how Sudan's state government co-opted al-Hakkamat Baggara women to lobby on its behalf, to rally for war and to advocate for peace. Understanding how they can contribute to the resolution and resettlement processes is vital to sustainable reconciliation and post-conflict transformation of the unstable state.

Suad M.E. Musa (PhD) is a Freelance Consultant on gender and women's issues. She worked with the government of Sudan and with CSOs and INGOs in the Horn of Africa and Britain. She also worked as Assistant Professor of Sociology at Qatar University.

An e-book version of this title is available (9781787442320), to libraries through a number of trusted suppliers. See here for a full list of our partners.


April 2018
3 black and white, 3 line illustrations
237 pages
23.4x15.6 cm
Eastern Africa Series
ISBN: 9781847011756
Format: Hardback
James Currey
BISAC SOC032000, POL053000, HIS001000
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Table of Contents

Preface: Conflict in Darfur and the role of Darfuri rural women
Ethnicity and Administration in Darfur
Conflict in Darfur: Causes and implications
Al-Hakkamat Women
Local Inter-Ethnic Conflicts
Government and Racial Assimilation of Ethnic Groups
Liaising with Government
New Duties and Obligations
Roles in Peace and Reconciliation
Urban Identity and Social Change
Appendix: Chronology of Darfur 1445-2017

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