Fashion in Medieval France

Fashion in Medieval France

Sarah-Grace Heller





Twelfth- and thirteenth-century medieval French texts reveal the presence of a developed fashion system long before the previously accepted birth of Western fashion in the mid-fourteenth century.
How are we to distinguish between a culture organized around fashion, and one where the desire for novel adornment is latent, intermittent, or prohibited? How do fashion systems organize social hierarchies, individual psychology, creativity, and production? Medieval French culture offers a case study of "systematic fashion", demonstrating desire for novelty, rejection of the old in favor of the new, and criticism of outrageous display. Texts from the twelfth and thirteenth centuries describe how cleverly-cut garments or unique possessions make a character distinctive, and even offer advice on how to look attractive on a budget or gain enough spending money to shop for oneself. Such descriptions suggest fashion's presence, yet accepted notions date the birth of Western fashion to the mid-fourteenth-century revolution in men's clothing styles. A fashion system must have been present prior to this 'revolution' in styles to facilitate such changes, and abundant evidence for the existence of such a system is cogently set out in this study. Ultimately, fashion is a conceptual system expressed by words evaluating a style's ephemeral worth, and changes in visual details are symptomatic, rather than determinative.

SARAH-GRACE HELLER is an associate professor in Medieval French at Ohio State University.


April 2007
216 pages
23.4x15.6 cm
ISBN: 9781843841104
Format: Hardback
Library eBook
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Table of Contents

Sine qua non of a Fashion System
The Birth of Fashion
Words for Fashion
Desire for Novelty and Unique Expression
Desire for Spending Money
The Development of Shopping
The Seduction of the Well-Draped Form


A welcome contribution to European history and literature, and to theoretical perspectives on material and cultural representations and constructions. (It) will certainly make a significant contribution to developments in this area. ÓENACH: FMRSI REVIEWS
(The author's) scholarship, copious quotations, and attentiveness to detail render her thesis utterly persuasive. A satisfying, historically-nuanced analysis that counters simplistic assumptions about medieval subjectivity and culture. ENCOMIA

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