Exploring Atlantic Transitions

October 2013
19 colour, 36 black and white, 37 line illustrations
384 pages
24.4x17.2 cm
Society for Post Medieval Archaeology Monograph Series
ISBN: 9781843838593
Format: Hardback
Boydell Press
BISAC SOC003000, HIS037010

Exploring Atlantic Transitions

Archaeologies of Transience and Permanence in New Found Lands

Shannon Lewis-Simpson

Edited by Peter E. Pope

Current approaches to the archaeological understanding of permanence and transience in the early modern period,
Can we approach European expansion to the Americas and elsewhere without colonial triumphalism? A research strategy which automatically treats early establishments overseas as embryonic colonies produces predictable results: in retrospect, some were, some were not. The approach reflected in the essays collected here does not exclude an interest in colonialism as an enduring practice, but the focus of the volume is population mobility and stability. Post-medieval archaeology has much to contribute to our understanding of the gradual drift of ordinary people - the cast of thousands, anonymous or almost-forgotten behind the famous names of history.
The main concern of the articles here is the post-medieval expansion of the English-speaking world to North America, particularly Newfoundland and the Chesapeake, but the volume includes perspectives on Ireland and New France also. While most attend to the movement of Europeans, interactions with Native peoples, using the Labrador Inuit as a case study, are not neglected.

PETER E. POPE was University Research Professor and former Head of the Department of Archaeology at Memorial University in St John's, Newfoundland; SHANNON LEWIS-SIMPSON researches aspects of cultural identity and interaction in the Viking-Age North Atlantic. She lectures part-time at Memorial University.

Contributors: Eliza Brandy, Mark Brisbane, Amanda Crompton, Bruno Fajal, Amelia Fay, David Gaimster, Mark Gardiner, Barry Gaulton, William Gilbert, Audrey Horning, Carter C. Hudgins, Silas Hurry, Evan Jones, Neil Kennedy, Eric Klingelhofer, Hannah E.C. Koon, Brad Loewen, Nicholas Luccketti, James Lyttleton, Tânia Manuel Casimiro, Paula Marcoux, Natascha Mehler, Greg Mitchell, Sarah Newstead, Stéphane Noël, Jeff Oliver, Steven E. Pendery, Peter E. Pope, Peter Ramsden, Lisa Rankin, Amy St John, Beverley Straube, Eric Tourigny, James A. Tuck, Giovanni Vitelli,

Table of Contents

On the verge of colonialism: English and Hanseatic trade in the North Atlantic islands - Mark Gardiner and Natascha Mehler
Baltic beads and beaver: Motivations for medieval settlement expansion in north-western Russia - Mark Brisbane
Bristol, Cabot and the New Found Land, 1496-1500 - Evan Jones
The consumer revolution of the late 16th century and the European domestication of North America - Peter E. Pope
Bread and permanence - Paula Marcoux
Scurvy's impact on European colonization in north-eastern North America - Steven Pendery and Hannah Koon
Markers of maritimity in the St Lawrence Valley: Maritime influences at Baie-Saint-Paul, 1670-1875 - Brad Loewen
Impermanence and empire: salt raking in the Turks and Caicos Islands - Neil Kennedy
Leim an Mhadaigh: Exploring unwanted histories of the Atlantic World - Audrey Horning
History from the ground up: Historical ecology and temporality in colonial British Columbia - Jeff Oliver
From Acadia to Arcadia: 19th-century visitors and the influence of the 'maritime pastoral' on Maine island archaeology - Giovanna Vitelli
'Taking the kitchen sink': Archaeological and scientific evidence for the migration of pottery workshops in northern Europe during the late medieval to early modern period - David Gaimster
Merida no more: Portuguese redware in Newfoundland - Sarah Newstead
The production of stoneware in southern Normandy: The example of Ger (16th - 18th century) - Bruno Fajal
Normandy stoneware at Cap Rouge, a French migratory fishing station on Newfoundland's Petit Nord - Amy St John
Elizabethan activities at Roanoke - Eric Klingelhofer and Nicholas Luccketti
'A sure token of their being there': Artefacts from England's colonial ventures at Roanoke and Jamestown - Beverly A. Staube
Copper, chemistry, and colonization: The roles of non-ferrous metals at Jamestown (c.1607-1610) and Roanoke (1585-c. 1590) - Carter Hudgins
'Dwelling there still': Historical archaeology at Cupids and changing perspectives on early modern Newfoundland - William Gilbert
From Portugal to Newfoundland in the 17th century: supplying a European colony or provisioning a fishery? - Tânia Manuel Casimiro
Status and diet: Variations in élite foodways at Newfoundland fishing stations in the 17th and 18th centuries - Stéphane Noël and Eric Tourigny
Of obligation and necessity: The social contexts of trade between permanent residents and migratory traders at Plaisance, Newfoundland (1662-1690) - Amanda Crompton
The Lords Baltimore in Ireland - James Lyttleton
Ferryland's first settlers (and a dog story) - James A. Tuck
The commercial development of Newfoundland's English Shore: The Kirke family at Ferryland, 1638-1696 - Barry Gaulton
Fleeing the 'sad face of winter': The Calverts and the archaeology of Maryland's first city - Silas Hurry
Thule radiocarbon chronology and its implications for early Inuit-European interaction in Labrador - Peter Ramsden and Lisa Rankin
The role of the Inuit in the European settlement of Sandwich Bay, Labrador - Lisa Rankin
The Inuit of southern Labrador and their conflicts up to 1765 - Greg Mitchell
Inuit animal use and the impact of European settlement and trade in Snooks Cove, Labrador - Eliza Brandy
Finding Mikak: The search for a late 18th-century Inuit trader in the archaeological record - Amelia Fay


The strength of the collection lies in its methodological and geographic variety and its highlighting of the diverse processes of trade, settlement, and resource extraction . [it] points towards a valuable and growing body of work engaged in putting the archaeological and written records in deeper conversation with each other. HISTORICAL GEOGRAPHY

Fascinating material for perusal by both historians of Early America and any Americanists. ... [It] reconstructs individual and personal experience of migration and settlement by ordinary people, painting a complex picture of the processes underlying the colonial ventures and pointing to factors often neglected in historical studies. POLISH JOURNAL FOR AMERICAN STUDIES

A valuable reference for historians, archaeologists and ethnographers interested in North American colonialism. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARITIME HISTORY

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