Enlightened War

March 2011
8 black and white illustrations
360 pages
9x6 in
Studies in German Literature Linguistics and Culture
Library eBook
Camden House
BISAC LIT004170, HIS027000, HIS037050

Enlightened War

German Theories and Cultures of Warfare from Frederick the Great to Clausewitz

Edited by Elisabeth Krimmer, Patricia Anne Simpson

eBook for Handhelds
New essays exploring the relationship between warfare and Enlightenment thought both historically and in the present.
Enlightened War investigates the multiple and complex interactions between warfare and Enlightenment thought. Although the Enlightenment is traditionally identified with the ideals of progress, eternal peace, reason, and self-determination, Enlightenment discourse unfolded during a period of prolonged European warfare from the Seven Years' War to the Napoleonic conquest of Europe. The essays in this volume explore the palpable influence of war on eighteenth-century thought and argue for an ideological affinity among war, Enlightenment thought, and its legacy.
The essays are interdisciplinary, engaging with history, art history, philosophy, military theory, gender studies, and literature and with historical events and cultural contexts from the early Enlightenment through German Classicism and Romanticism. The volume enriches our understanding of warfare in the eighteenth century and shows how theories and practices of war impacted concepts of subjectivity, national identity, gender, and art. It also sheds light on the contemporary discussion of the legitimacy of violence by juxtaposing theories of war, concepts of revolution, and human rights discourses.

Contributors: Johannes Birgfeld, David Colclasure, Sara Eigen Figal, Ute Frevert, Wolf Kittler, Elisabeth Krimmer, Waltraud Maierhofer, Arndt Niebisch, Felix Saure, Galili Shahar, Patricia Anne Simpson, Inge Stephan.

Elisabeth Krimmer is Professor of German at the University of California, Davis, and Patricia Anne Simpson is Associate Professor of German Studies at Montana State University.

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Table of Contents

Introduction: Enlightened Warfare in Eighteenth-Century Germany - Elisabeth Krimmer and Patricia Anne Simpson
The Point of Recognition: Enemy, Neighbor, and Next of Kin in the Era of Frederick the Great - Sara Eigen Figal
Writing War and the Aesthetics of Political Literature in the 1790s: Daniel Jenisch's (Un)timely Seven Years' War Epic Borussias - Johannes Birgfeld
Agamemnon on the Battlefield of Leipzig: Wilhelm von Humboldt on Ancient Warriors, Modern Heroes, and Bildung through War - Felix Saure
War, Anecdotes, and the Backsides of Reason: Kleist with Kant - Galili Shahar
"Schon wieder Krieg! Der Kluge hörts nicht gern": Goethe, Warfare, and Faust II - Elisabeth Krimmer
Recoding the Ethics of War in Grimms' Fairy Tales - Patricia Anne Simpson
On Gender Wars and Amazons: Therese Huber on Terror and Revolution - Inge Stephan
Angelica Kauffmann's War Heroes: (Not) Painting War in a Culture of Sensibility - Waltraud Maierhofer
Citizen-Soldiers: General Conscription in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries - Ute Frevert
Just War and Perpetual Peace: Kant on the Legitimate Use of Political Violence - David Colclasure
Military Intelligence: On Carl von Clausewitz's Hermeneutics of Disturbance and Probability - Arndt Niebisch
Host Nations: Carl von Clausewitz and the New U.S. Army/Marine Corps Field Manual, FM 3-24, MCWP 3-33.5, Counterinsurgency - Wolf Kittler
Notes on the Contributors


The contributions transmit, based on the example of a great variety of mostly literary texts from the German-language regions, a lively impression of the extent to which the experience and imagery of war and the culture of war put their stamp on contemporary discourse . . . . In doing so, they reflect the great pride of place of the military and war in society between the end of the eighteenth century and the end of the Napoleonic Age. . . . [T]his collection delivers important insights about the form, content, and breadth of the societal discourse about war and peace [during this period]. ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR HISTORISCHE FORSCHUNG

[O]ffers a wide variety of topics, stimulating questions, and thought-provoking insights, and opens up a rich field for further research on the culture of war from the Enlightenment to the present day. EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY FICTION>BR>
Adding an important perspective to existing monographs on eighteenth-century military history as well as our understanding of the Enlightenment, Enlightened War is original in its conception and stimulating in its variety. It should lead to further . . . discussion of the subjects it addresses, especially those related to contemporary considerations of human rights and the legitimate use of violence. MONATSHEFTE

Comprehensive and welcome . . . . The strength of this well-rounded anthology rests in its interdisciplinary approach and ability to engage readers from a variety of fields. . . . Such a work is indispensable to scholars [in] history, philosophy, and literary and cultural studies, as well as women's and gender studies. [It is also] an important addition to any graduate-seminar reading list on German culture around 1800 . . . . [A] significant and necessary addition to 18th- and 19th-century scholarship . . . . GERMAN QUARTERLY

Interesting essays that consider ways war and culture interact with and transform each other. CHOICE

Will make [readers] confront how Germany's founding intellects embraced the unavoidability of war. GERMAN STUDIES REVIEW

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