Do Bicycles Equal Development in Mozambique?

Do Bicycles Equal Development in Mozambique?

Joseph Hanlon, Teresa Smart

Personal eBook

James Currey



Challenges some key assumptions of both the donors and the government about how development can be achieved in Mozambique.
Is Mozambique an African success story?
It has 7 percent a year growth rate and substantial foreign investment. Fifteen years after the war of destabilisation, the peace has held. Mozambique is the donors' model pupil, carefully following their prescriptions and receiving more than a billion dollars a year in aid. The number of bicycles has doubled and this is often cited as the symbol of development.
In this book the authors challenge some key assumptions of both the donors and the government and ask questions such as whether there has been too much stress on the Millennium Development Goals and too little support for economic development; if it makes sense to target the poorest of the poor, or would it be better to target those who create the jobs which will employ the poor; whether there has been too much emphasis on foreign investment and too little on developing domestic capital; and if the private sector really will end poverty, or must there be a stronger role for the state in the economy?
This book is about more than Mozambique. Mozambique is an apparent success story that is used to justify the present 'post-Washington consensus' development model. Here, the case of Mozambique is situated within the broader development debate.

Joseph Hanlon is Senior Lecturer at the Open University and the author of Beggar Your Neighbours; Mozambique: Who Calls the Shots?; and Peace without Profit (all published by James Currey) which have all made influential interventions in the development debate; Teresa Smart is Director of the London Mathematics Centre, Institute of Education.

Published in association with the Open University


25 black and white, 14 line illustrations
264 pages
22.8x15.2 cm
Personal eBook, 9781782047230, November 2008
Paperback, 9781847013187, March 2010
Hardback, 9781847013194, November 2008
Library eBook
James Currey
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Table of Contents

Introduction: more bicycles but,...
War, peace, rapid change & slow recovery
Can peasants pull Nampula out of poverty?
The Manica miracle is over
Cashew: from disaster to export model
Has poverty decreased? II ACTORS & CONTENT
Frelimo & the democratic one-party state
Corruption, rent-seeking, reform & a divided elite
Aid dependence & subservience: carrots & sticks
Who pays for the IMF's mistakes?
Questioning the cargo cult
Step off the MDG bandwagon: supply, demand, money
Radical solutions to kick-start increased demand
Creating entrepreneurs & protecting workers & peasants
Finance & the development bank
Agriculture is the key to increasing production & demand
Will donors & elites let Mozambique be a developmental state?


This thoughtful book strongly but clearly puts forward its case for a different approach to economic development than is currently promoted by the Western establishment. It will be useful to those interested in economic development and Africa. Recommended. CHOICE
One of the book's greatest strengths is the integrated approach it takes in assessing Mozambique's current situation. It draws in and explores the country's political, war-ravaged history, the legacy of Frelimo rule, and Mozambique's current geo-political context. (...) Thus is the scene set in order to underline the primary purpose of the book: to advocate a complete overhaul of the way in which development is conceived and the way in which it is treated by the donor community. PAMBAZUKA NEWS

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