A History of the County of Oxford

August 2012
16 colour, 54 black and white, 21 line illustrations
328 pages
30.5x20.8 cm
Victoria County History
ISBN: 9781904356400
Format: Hardback
Victoria County History

A History of the County of Oxford

XVII: Broadwell, Langford and Kelmscott: Bampton Hundred, Part 4

Edited by Simon Townley

Authoritative account of the history of villages in the western parts of Oxfordshire, including Kelmscott, famous for its pre-Raphaelite associations.
Located on Oxfordshire's western fringe between the rivers Leach and Thames, the nine rural settlements covered in this volume are typical Cotswold villages, with their limestone-built farmhouses, their former open fields, and their extensive former sheep pastures. All belonged to a sizeable late Anglo-Saxon estate whose break-up gave rise to the later parish structure: Langford church, with its celebrated late eleventh-century tower, may have begun as a small minster. Excavations at Radcot have revealed much about the settlement's early character, including the discovery of a twelfth-century castle. The area as a whole is predominantly agricultural, though milling, malting and quarrying have all been significant. Woodland at Bradwell Grove was important from the middle ages. In later years the villages developed in diverse ways, displaying contrasting closed and open characteristics.
The most famous village is arguably Kelmscott, where the designer William Morris rented Kelmscott Manor as a summer home from 1871; but Filkins was home to the Labour politician Sir Stafford Cripps, who worked with local craftsmen to build several Cotswold-style houses and community buildings there. Gentry houses include the nineteenth-century Gothic mansion at Bradwell Grove, which became the centre of a substantial estate and later of the Cotswold Wildlife Park.

Table of Contents

Broadwell, Langford, and Kelmscott: Cotswolds to Thames
Broadwell Parish
Broughton Poggs Parish
Langford Parish
List of Abbreviations


This is an admirable volume which maintains the high standards of historical research and readable presentation which have been set by the recent volumes in the Oxfordshire series .This is a truly impressive record. ARCHIVES VOLUME XXXVIII, (the delayed April 2013 issue)

Also by Author

Also in Series