The African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights Volume 2
Title Details

526 Pages

23.4 x 15.6 cm

5 b/w illus.

Imprint: James Currey

The African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights Volume 2

The Political Process

by Nat Rubner

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Landmark study of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights. Documents on one side the international community's inability to foist a human rights system upon Africa and on the other the process within the OAU (now African Union) that eventually brought it into being and determined its content.

The African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights (ACHPR), which was proposed in 1979, adopted in 1981 and came into effect in 1986, was the first non-Western declaration of human rights and the first official statement of an African human rights perspective. With Africa largely absent in 1948 when the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) was adopted, it stands in stark historical reproach to the Western conception of universal human rights as a pivotal document in the decolonisation of the continent. This book, for the first time, presents a comprehensive account of the development of the ACHPR, which is key to a proper understanding of its fundamental nature. Through documenting its process of construction, it becomes possible to understand how Africans themselves understood the process and the issues involved and how the ACHPR became a political text asserted by African leaders and not a continuum of a so-called universal human rights tradition. The result is a radical repositioning of the underlying context of the ACHPR, one of the most important documents in modern African history, of how it came to be and how it should therefore be understood.

Volume 2 describes the process through which the ACHPR came into being. Analysing the role of Western governments, the UN and NGOs, it shows that, contrary to the prevailing view of African human rights commentators, their influence was limited and at times counter-productive. That, in fact, the formulation of the ACHPR was a profoundly political process that was primarily a product of an African desire to instigate its own human rights perspective as a counter to the human rights universalism advanced by the Western post-war human rights tradition.
Introduction

PART THREE: THE INFLUENCE OF OUTSIDERS
1. The outsiders - Western governments, the UN and NGOs
Western governments - The USA, UK and France
The United Nations
Non-Governmental Organisations
The International Commission of Jurists (ICJ)

PART FOUR: THE POLITICAL PROCESS
2. The Insiders - the Political Process of the ACHPR
The Commonwealth human rights initiative
The gestation and birth of Decision 115
The 1979 UN Monrovia Seminar
The drafting process
Postscript: Ratification, implementation and compliance

3. The Text
Title
Preamble
Part I Rights and Duties
Part II Measures of Safeguard
Part III General Provisions

Conclusion

APPENDICES
Appendix 1: The OAU Charter
Appendix 2: The ACHPR

NAT RUBNER has a PhD in History from the University of Cambridge. He is an Honorary Research Fellow, School of History, Queen Mary, University of London. In the course of his previous 20-year career in international finance, he edited the first public international debt prospectus of the African Development Bank.

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9781847013545

October 2023

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9781805430025

October 2023

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9781805430018

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Title Details

526 Pages

2.34 x 1.56 cm

5 b/w illus.

Imprint: James Currey