Manufacturing in Colonial Zimbabwe, 1890-1979
Title Details

240 Pages

23.4 x 15.6 cm

2 b/w illus.

Imprint: James Currey

Manufacturing in Colonial Zimbabwe, 1890-1979

Interest Group Politics, Protectionism & the State

by Victor Muchineripi Gwande

  • Description
  • Contents
  • Author
A key book on Zimbabwe's industrial policy and the relationship between manufacturing, the state, and economic interest groups.
Under pressure from local manufacturers, and recognising that industrial policy was a legitimate instrument for development, on 1 July 2016, to boost domestic production, the Government of Zimbabwe passed Statutory Instrument 64 which limited imports and foreign manufactures, allowing local producers satisfy demand. Zimbabwe's neighbours immediately protested that this flouted the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC)'s Protocol on Trade, which aimed to increase trade across borders at regional and national levels. This matter revived the conversation about protectionism as an instrument of industrial policy. Protectionism in Africa is neither limited to Zimbabwe, nor is it a new phenomenon.
This book brings a historical perspective to the conversation by exploring the policy proposals and political pressure exerted by manufacturing businesses on the trajectory of industrialisation in colonial Zimbabwe, and reveals that the major point of contention between the state, industry, and other economic interest groups in this period was protection. Tracing changing attitudes to the country's political economy, the author examines the way in which industrialists advanced their interests through the Association of Rhodesian Industries (ARnI) and other trade bodies, and shows how this pitted them not only against the state but other blocs of capital - farmers, miners and commerce. He examines the impact of the post-war Customs Union Agreement with South Africa, manufacturing strategy under UDI, and examines the impact of Southern Rhodesia's development on its trading partners in South Africa, Zambia and Malawi. Casting new light on the continuing debate on regional trade, this important book adds to our understanding of the settler colony's economic, business, and political history.
Introduction
1 The Origins of Secondary Industry: The Teething Years, 1890-1938
2 'To Industrialise or Not': Economic Interest Groups, the State and Secondary Industry, 1939-1948
3 Post-war Industrial Growth, Organised Industry and the Central African Federation, 1949-1957
4 Secondary Industry, Changing Economic Fortunes and Central African Decolonisation, 1957-1965
5 Industrialising under Sanctions: Organised Industry and the State during UDI, 1966-1979
Conclusion
Bibliography
Index

VICTOR MUCHINERIPI GWANDE is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow in Africa Studies, International Studies Group, University of the Free State. He also holds Fellowship at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton University and an alumni of the African Humanities Fellowship Programme Program established by the American Council of Learned Societies.

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9781847013330

November 2022

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Title Details

240 Pages

2.34 x 1.56 cm

2 b/w illus.

Imprint: James Currey