British Catholic Merchants in the Commercial Age
Title Details

230 Pages

23.4 x 15.6 cm

5 line. Illustrations

Series: Studies in the Eighteenth Century

Imprint: Boydell Press

British Catholic Merchants in the Commercial Age

1670-1714

by Giada Pizzoni

  • Description
  • Contents
  • Author
A rich picture of commercial life among the British Catholic merchants operating in the Atlantic and Mediterranean at the end of the Stuart era.
British Catholic merchants in the long eighteenth century occupied an ambiguous social space. On the one hand, their religion made them marginal and suspect figures in a nation increasingly defining itself by its Protestantism against the Catholic powers of Europe. On the other, their Catholicism, particularly as national rivalries erupted into outright war, afforded them access to markets and contacts overseas which their Protestant competitors found it increasingly difficult to reach.
Drawing on extensive original research on the business papers of one prominent Catholic merchant family, the Aylwards, Pizzoni maps a complex network of merchants emanating from trading housesin London, Cadiz and St Malo and linking Britain and Ireland, continental Europe, the Levant and colonial America. She reveals the high level of cooperation between these Catholic houses and their Protestant trading partners - a cooperation which seems to have overridden even such political perils as the Jacobite rebellion - and shows the increasing role played by smuggling and privateering in keeping the wheels of legitimate commerce turning in time of war. A final chapter looks particularly at the business activities of Roman Catholic women, who mostly inherited their husbands' businesses but in many cases developed and expanded them through new activities and investments.
This is a rich picture of commercial life in a time of shifting political and religious attitudes when the pressures of mercantilism led to de facto economic integration for the successful Catholic merchant class and opened up theroad which would lead to emancipation in the next century.
Preface
Introduction
Religion, Trade and National Identity: A Review
Catholic Merchants in Anglo-Spanish Trade, 1670-1687
British Catholic Merchants in St Malo during the Glorious Revolution and the Nine Years War, 1688-1698
British Catholic Merchants in London and their Trading Strategies during the first years of the War of the Spanish Succession, 1698-1705
Catholic Merchants and their Inter-Imperial Networks
Catholic Women in the Mercantile Community: a Female Epilogue?
Conclusion
Appendix
Bibliography

GIADA PIZZONI is a Postdoctoral Research Associate at the University of Exeter.

Hardcover

9781783274383

January 2020

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9781787445741

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Title Details

230 Pages

2.34 x 1.56 cm

5 line. Illustrations

Series: Studies in the Eighteenth Century

Imprint: Boydell Press