Making Martyrs
Title Details

246 Pages

22.8 x 15.2 cm

Series: Rochester Studies in East and Central Europe

Imprint: University of Rochester Press

Making Martyrs

The Language of Sacrifice in Russian Culture from Stalin to Putin

by Yuliya Minkova

  • Description
  • Contents
  • Reviews
Examines the ideology of sacrifice in Soviet and post-Soviet culture, analyzing a range of fictional and real-life figures who became part of a pantheon of "heroes" primarily because of their victimhood.
In Making Martyrs: The Language of Sacrifice in Russian Culture from Stalin to Putin, Yuliya Minkova examines the language of canonization and vilification in Soviet and post-Soviet media, official literature, and popular culture. She argues that early Soviet narratives constructed stories of national heroes and villains alike as examples of uncovering a person's "true self." The official culture used such stories to encourage heroic self-fashioningamong Soviet youth and as a means of self-policing and censure. Later Soviet narratives maintained this sacrificial imagery in order to assert the continued hold of Soviet ideology on society, while post-Soviet discourses of victimhood appeal to nationalist nostalgia.

Sacrificial mythology continues to maintain a persistent hold in contemporary culture, as evidenced most recently by the Russian intelligentsia's fascination with the former oligarch Mikhail Khodorkovsky, the Russian media coverage of the war in Ukraine, laws against US adoption of Russian children and against the alleged propaganda of homosexuality aimed at minors, renewed national pride in wartime heroes, and the current usage of the words "sacred victim" in public discourse. In examining these various cases, the book traces the trajectory of sacrificial language from individual identity construction to its later function of lending personality and authority to the Soviet and post-Soviet state.

Yuliya Minkova is Assistant Professor of Russian at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
Introduction
Werewolves, Vampires, and the "Sacred Wo/men" of Soviet Discourse in Pravda and beyond in the 1930s and 1940s
Drawing Borders in the Sky: Pirates and Damsels in Distress of Aerial Hijackings in Soviet Press, Literature, and Film
Our Man in Chile, or Victor Jara's Posthumous Life in Soviet Media and Popular Culture
Fathers, Sons, and the Imperial Spirit: The Wartime Homo Sacer's Competitive Victimhood
Robber Baron or Dissident Intellectual: The Businessman Hero at the Crossroads of History
Conclusion
Notes
Bibliography
Index
"[Making Martyrs] illuminates the enduring role of the martyr in Russian culture, and enriches our understanding of cultural mythology by drawing connections between wartime martyrs and later heroes into the present day. . . . Minkova offers nuanced, timely analysis of recent conflicts and contributes to our understanding of the deteriorating relations between the West and Russia." RUSSIAN REVIEW
"Throughout this unique contribution to cultural history, Minkova's language, wide range of examples, and breadth of analysis suggest that she writes not only for a dedicated reader but an audience of specialists in search of a new way of addressing the continuity of political imagery from Stalin to Putin." SLAVIC REVIEW
"I would recommend this book to anyone who were interested in the discourse analysis of the Soviet and post-Soviet era in media, official literature and popular culture." INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RUSSIAN STUDIES

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9781580469142

April 2018

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Title Details

246 Pages

2.28 x 1.52 cm

Series: Rochester Studies in East and Central Europe

Imprint: University of Rochester Press